Medical

DEALING WITH AIR QUALITY

There is little rainfall from November through May; during this six-month dry season, dust, industrial pollution, and pollen accumulate in the air. This pollutants accumulation can aggravate respiratory tracts. Allergies and colds are frequently experienced during this period.

There are various remedies and precautions everyone can take. Because of the lower humidity, it is very important to increase your intake of fluids. Some experts recommend drinking at least 8 cups of purified water daily. Another recommendation you can follow to fine-tune your particular water intake needs is to divide your body weight by two. The result is the number of ounces of water you should consume daily.

Sore throat symptoms can be minimized by keeping your throat lubricated. You can use cough drops, install a humidifier in your house, gargle with mouthwash or salt water, and drink small amount of liquids continuously to relieve this condition. If the condition doesn’t improve within a few days, you may have a more serious infection and may need to see a medical professional.

Allergy symptoms typically erupt in Monterrey in late spring early summer when grass, shrubs, and trees grow more actively. Some people find relief by installing air purifiers in their bedrooms and offices. Yet others use prescribed sprays or nasal irrigation systems like Neti pots.Nasal irrigation can be an effective way to relieve sinus symptoms. Those with special sensitivities may experience the symptoms associated with allergies (runny nose, itchy eyes, headache, and fatigue) year around.

Please use caution when exercising outdoors. Unless your exercise occurs during or immediately following a substantial rainfall, the air is probably highly polluted and you could be doing your body more harm than good. Many Consulate personnel purchase indoor exercise equipment or pay gym memberships. Simply staying indoors with all doors and windows closed can reduce your exposure to ambient pollutants by about 90%.

You can visit the EPA and WebMD websitesto learn how you can improve quality of indoor air. You can also purchase certain house plants that have been found by NASA Clean Air Study to act as living air purifiers.

COPING WITH THE HEAT

Summers in Monterrey can be oppressively hot and can make our lives quite uncomfortable. The midday heat can turn a home into a sauna, and running air conditioning units day and night is a very expensive proposition. The root of the problem lies in the fact that concrete construction, which is abound here, lacks resistance to the heat. Wood frame construction used in the United States has inner wall space for insulation, but most buildings here lack interior insulation.

Extremely high heat can occur from March to early September. With temperatures exceeding 110 degrees, unprotected skin can burn in less than 15 minutes. To minimize exposure, you should wear a heat, long-sleeve shirts and pants, use sunscreen, and stay indoors between 10:00 and 16:00.

Strenuous outdoor exercise during mid-day heat is dangerous and should be avoided, as the consequences ranges from dehydration to heat stroke. May residents hike or job during the early morning hours in the summer to avoid such risks.

LEAD ISSUE

All government leased homes have no lead paint clause. However, lead paint is not common in new homes in Mexico as latex based house paints were developed in Mexico. While lead poisoning can affect adults, it is most dangerous for children.You can guard against lead poisoning by not using ceramic pottery for food or drinks and by keeping the paint in your home in good condition. Additional safeguards include frequently washing your children’s hands, particularly after playing outdoors, and removing shoes when you enter your home. Try to make sure not to use ceramic containers in your home or office.

SCORPION STINGS

Scorpions can live anywhere, usually near a ravine. Scorpions are most likely to sting in the early evening hours and early morning. They sting in self-defense or when they are provoked. They are not aggressive creatures.

Scorpion stings are not usually deadly, but do require immediate medical attention. The tail of a scorpion contains a telson(where the venom is produced and stored) and a stinger (which injects the venom). Signs and symptoms of a sting are usually limited to local pain at the sting site, inflammation, itching, and sensitivity to touch.. Some people have reported, after being stung by scorpions, experiencing shortness of breath, a swollen tongue, disorientation and nausea. Pain medications, such as aspirin, actually increase the pain. Application of ice to the sting site reduces the swelling. You can also take 2 Benadryl capsules to keep the reaction to a minimum. Call a physician for further advice

GENERAL PRECAUTIONS 

Most people feels comfortable eating lettuce and raw vegetables in the better restaurants in town. There is some risk in doing this because there is no guarantee that the vegetables have been properly disinfected. Be conservative when making these types of judgments.

When you return home from the grocery store make it a habit to immediately disinfect the vegetables and fruit you have just purchased. It is highly recommended to first wash the surface dirt from any fruits or vegetables that are not going to be peeled. Then soak these items in a disinfecting solution MicroChlor or MicroDyn. The soaked fruits and vegetables should then be rinsed with clean bottled drinking water. Remember that your hands come in contact with the dirty skins of many fruits that will be peeled, such as oranges and bananas. These fruits should at least be rinsed before eating.It is also highly recommended to use properly treated water  for drinking, food preparation, and brushing your teeth.

EMERGENCY DISINFECTION WATER

  • Use bottled water that has not been exposed to flood waters if it is available.
  • If you do not have bottled water, you should boil water to make it safe. Boiling water will kill most types of disease-causing organisms that may be present. If the water is cloudy, filter it through a clean cloth or allow it to settle, and draw off the clear water for boiling. Boil the water for ten minutes, let it cool, and store it in clean containers with covers.

USEFUL SPANISH

EMERGENCY

I need an ambulance                                                         Necesito una ambulancia

He/she is unconscious                                                        El/ella es inconsciente

He/she had a heart attack                                                   Tuvo un ataque cardiaco

The address is                                                                       El domicilio es…

Take me/us to… hospital                                                     Llevarme/Llevarnos a hospital

Is there anyone here who speaks English                        Hay alguein que hable Ingles?

 AT THE HOSPITAL 

I’m from the US Consulate                                                   Soy del Consulado Americano

I have an emergency                                                            Tengo una emergencia

I need a doctor urgently                                                        Necesito un medico urgentemente

I have                                                                                 Tengo

  • an allergy                                                                 una alergia
  • asthma                                                                     asma
  • cancer                                                                      cáncer
  • diabetes                                                                   diábetes
  • high/low blood pressure                                         la presión alta/baja
  • hypoglycemia                                                          hipoglicemia

I am allergic to                                                                       Soy alégico

  • Antibiotics                                                                     a los antibióticos
  • Aspirin                                                                           a la aspirina
  • Bees                                                                              a las abejas
  • Codeine                                                                        a la codeína
  • Penicillin                                                                        a la penicilina
  • Pollen                                                                            al polen

I am taking medication                                                         Estoy tomando medicamentos/Tomo…

It is difficult to breathe                                                           Es difícil respirar

I’ve got pain here                                                                  Tengo dolor aqui. (point to specific area of pain)

I feel injured this/here                                                           Me caí y me golpe aquí

  • before                                                                           antes de
  • during                                                                           durante
  • after                                                                              después de

I have…                                                                                  Tengo…

  • a broken bone                                                            un hueso roto
  • burns                                                                           quemaduras
  • chest pains                                                                 dolor del pecho
  • cramps                                                                        calambres
  • diarrhea                                                                      diarrea
  • fever                                                                            fiebre
  • food poisoning                                                           el envenenamiento por comestibles
  • pain                                                                             dolor
  • mild/bothersome/throbbing/intense                        leve/molesto/pulsante/intenso
  • string/bite                                                                   una picadura

I have been vomiting a lot                                                 He estado vomitando mucho

He/she is not eating                                                           No está comiendo

I feel nauseous                                                                   Tengo nauseas

I feel dizzy                                                                            Me siento mareado

I feel weak                                                                           Me siento débil

FEMALE ISSUES

I am pregnant                                                                     Estoy embarazada

I have heavy bleeding                                                      Tengo una hemorrgia vaginal

APPOINTMENTS 

I want to make an appointment with                                Quiero hacer una cita con el Dr….

Where is your office located?                                            ¿Donde está ubicado su consultorio?

Can I see a doctor today/tomorrow?                                ¿Puedo ver al médico hoy/mañana?

AT THE DOCTOR’S OFFICE

I have an appointment with Dr.                                           Tengo una cita con el doctor…

I am a first-time patient                                                          Es mi primer consulta

AT THE PHARMACY 

Do you have…( name of drug)?                                           Tiene…?

What do you recommend for…?                                           ¿Que recomienda para…?

Prescription                                                                              Receta médica

How many times a day do I take medicine?                        ¿Cuántas veces al día tomo este medicamento?

How many pills a day?                                                            ¿Cuántas pastillas al día?

I need a First-Aid kit                                                                  Necesito un equipo de primeros auxilios

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